Plant diversity in North East India Northeast India being at the confluence of the Indo-Malayan and Indo-Chinese biogeographic regions form a meeting place of the Himalayan Mountains and Peninsular India that is recognized as one of the popular hotspots among the worlds’ 34 biodiversity hotspots . The region constitutes about 8% of the country, but has 25% of the total forest area supporting about 30% of the total growing stock of the forest of the country. Nearly, 64% of the total geographical area of Northeast India is having forest cover, of which 35% of the forest cover is under the control of the Government and rest 65% is under the control of District Councils, Village Communities and Private ownership. The region accounts for approximately 7500 species of angiosperms. Out of 315 families of angiosperms in India, more than 200 families are represented in Northeast India, and the region accounts for nearly 50% of the total number of plant species in India as a whole. It is interesting to note that one-third of the flora of Northeast India is endemic to this region
Global Demand of Medicinal Plants
As per the WHO the Global market value for herbal Industry is expected to reached US$ 5 trillion in 2050. The global market growth for the industry is expected to be 7% per annum from year 2000 to 2050.
STATUS OF MEDICINAL PLANTS IN INDIA
• 20 Agro-Ecological zones.
• One of 17 mega biodiversity countries.
• 7 % of world biodiversity.
• 17000 flowering plant sps.
• About 9000 spp. used in ISM & Folk medicines.
• 1172 species in trade of which 242 with consumption > 100 MT.
• 40% of species in high demand sourced through cultivation (coverage 0.3 million ha.)
• Large network of institutions/Universities involved in medicinal plants R&D.
India is repository of more than 7500 Medicinal Plants found in Himalayan to Marine and Desert to Rain Forest Ecosystems
Scenario of Mizoram
Mizoram lies in the extended Himalayan southern tip of North East India bordered by Myanmar in the East and South, Bangladesh in the West, and Cachar District of Assam in the North. It is located between latitudes 21º15’ - 24º35’ N and longitudes 92º15’-93º29’E, and the total geographical area is 21,081 sq km. The terrain is mostly undulated mountainous blue-green variegated topography with the highest peak at 2,157 m in the Blue Mountain and lowest at 20 MASL in Tlabung and the average height is about 1000 MASL. The Tropic of Cancer passes through Aizawl city at 23.30’ N latitude. The climatic condition ranges from moist tropical to the mid-moist sub-tropical and the higher temperate in the eastern fringes. Temperature varies from 10ºC to 24ºC during winter and 21ºC to 30ºC during summer with heavy rainfall from 2,000 mm to 3500 mm per annum. Administratively, the State is divided into eight districts, viz; Aizawl, Lunglei, Champhai, Kolasib, Mamit, Serchhip, Lawngtlai and Saiha with three autonomous districts in the southern part of Mizoram